Industrial symbiosis is the process by which the waste or by-products of one industry or industrial process become the raw material of another industry. The application of this concept enables a more sustainable use of materials and contributes to the creation of a circular economy.
The transition to such an economy is necessary for our world where resources are increasingly depleted as it will result in increased economic competitiveness, sustainability, resource efficiency and resource security.
Industrial symbiosis creates an interconnected network that tries to mimic the functioning of ecological systems in which energy and materials are constantly converted without any waste products being produced. It aims to reduce the use of primary raw materials and increase the use of secondary raw materials.